Kyrgyzstan: Commission and extensive criteria created for banning films
Kyrgryz Prime Minister Sooronbai Jeenbekov signed a decree on 14 October 2016 establishing a new nine-person commission to undertake the task of screening and banning “audio-visual products” according to a long list of criteria, including scenes showing various forms of violence and sex, reported Kyrgyz media organisation Kloop on 24 October 2016.
Muktaly Bektenaliev, the director of the Department of Cinematography under the Ministry of Culture and one of the initiators of the resolution, stated the ban would extend to the “public display, distribution and dissemination” of films in cinemas, on televisions and online.
Bektenaliev explained that in the past when there were questions about films, the issue went to court and the laws were hold-overs from Soviet law, but now such cases would go to the commission.
The commission, which is set to be established one month after the decree’s signing, will be formed of members from the culture ministry, as well as the law enforcement, national security and religious affairs state bodies, who, when necessary, will consult with teachers, psychologists, drug experts, sex experts and theologians, reported The Diplomat on 25 October 2016.
The full list of criteria, according to the resolution submitted in May 2016, is as follows:
- pornographic scenes that openly depict or describe sexual intercourse, not representing the artistic value;
- bestiality or sex with animals;
- sexual violence scenes;
- scenes and materials contrary to the principles of public morality;
- vulgar, naturalistic, or cynical representation of sexual organs, specifically detailed images of the genitals;
- scenes of sexual intercourse or sexual perversion, insulting the honor and dignity of the person;
- the violent seizure of power or forcible retention of power;
- the violent change of the constitutional system of the state;
- promotion of violation of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the state;
- violent attacks on public safety, including the organization of illegal armed formations and participation in them;
- propaganda for war, violence and cruelty;
- justification of terrorism and other support of terrorist activities;
- promotion of public display of Nazi paraphernalia or symbols, or paraphernalia or symbols similar to Nazi attributes and symbols;
- promotion of other symbols of banned terrorist organizations that promote and advocate the forcible overthrow of legitimate authority, except in cases of justified artistic conception;
- inciting social, racial, national or religious hatred, propaganda of exclusivity, superiority or inferiority of a person on the grounds of its social, racial, ethnic, religious or linguistic affiliation;
- inciting national, ethnic, racial, social or religious enmity;
- violation of the norms of civil and national ethics, insulting attributes of state symbols (flags, anthems);
- propaganda or information on narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, containing all the information about the places and methods of their manufacture, including advice on the cultivation of appropriate plants, and about where and under what conditions they can buy, aimed at creating a positive image of those who manufacture, distribute or use drugs; and
- call for suicide or suicidal themes and arguments for suicide.
» The Diplomat – 25 October 2016:
Kyrgyzstan bans pornographic and violent movies
» Kloop – 24 October 2016:
Kyrgyz authorities have banned “pornographic” and “violent” movies