PEN International: 157 writers are serving long prison terms
The PEN International Writers in Prison Committee Caselist for July to December 2012 details over 870 cases of attacks on individuals who are writers, journalists, poets, publishers and editors and who have been detained or otherwise persecuted for their peaceful political activities, or for the practice of their profession.
Country by country over 82 pages, their cases have been carefully described by 79 PEN Centres with Writers in Prison Committees. Over the whole year in 2012, they monitored over 870 attacks:
· 14 writers and journalists killed clearly in relation to their professions
· Another 31 murdered where the circumstances are not clear
· 157 writers are serving long prison terms for their writings in countries including China, Vietnam, Turkey, Eritrea and Uzbekistan
· Another 133 are detained whose cases are under investigation by PEN
· Around 10 per cent of the long term prisoners were freed before the end of their sentences.
· 170 are on trial without being imprisoned
· Other abuses include death threats, imprisonment for short periods and harassment.
January to December 2012:
Killed – Motive Unknown: 31
Imprisoned – Main Case: 157
Imprisoned – Investigation: 133
Judicial Concern: 3
On Trial (not imprisoned): 170
Non Custodial Sentence: 30
Brief Detention: 107
Death Threat: 33
Other Threat/Harassment: 85
Twice a year the PEN International Writers In Prison Committee produces a caselist of individuals around the world who are detained or otherwise persecuted for their peaceful political activities or for the practice of their profession.
PEN International has been promoting literature and defending freedom of expression in 90 years.